It was never built. And thus, in our age of toppling monuments, it never came down. But in October 1868, Thomas Nast imagined a monument to racial violence that continues to haunt us.
Dr. Rasul A. Mowatt is the Department Head of Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management in the College of Natural Resources at North Carolina State University. He formally served as a Professor in the Departments of American Studies and Geography in the College of Arts and Sciences at Indiana University. His primary areas of research are: Geographies of Race, Geographies of Violence and Threat, The Animation of Public Space, and Critical Leisure Studies. His published work has been on analyzing racially violent forms of leisure in the American Behavioral Scientist, the dangers in viewing images of Black death in Biography, and most recently, the threat of violence from intimate terrorism, White Nationalists, and the State in a special call for COVID-19 in Leisure Sciences. Most recently he published a summation of this work in book form, The Geographies of Threat and the Production of Violence: The City and State Between Us, with Routledge in 2021.